Schedel, Salzburg (Salzburg first view in print)
"Salczburga" (Salzburg first view inprint)
General view of the famous Austrian city.
Woodcut. Original hand coloring. Text in Latin with some letters emphasized in red ink.
On the left reverse side are images of Popes and on the right side are images of Gallus abbas, Joanes gerudines eps, Eligius episcopus and Rupertus episcopus.
Published in the famous Nuremberg Chronicle (Schedelsche Weltchronik)
By Hartmann Schedel (1440-1514)
Latin edition (first edition of May 1493)
Very vivid colors. The centerfold has been repaired and reinforced on the reverse side.
The upper two margin corners have been repaired. Some rest of moumting material in upper corners.
Image: 24,3 x 52,5 cm (ca. 9.6 x 20.7")
The Nuremberg Chronicle, Nuremberg 1493
In May of 1493 appeared in the Latin language one of the earliest voluminous books, fully illustrated with 1809 woodcuts printed from 645 woodblocks: The Nuremberg Chronicle.
The story of this book is a story of superlatives. Hartmann Schedel, a medical doctor in Nuremberg who owned the most important private collection of books in all of Europe was the author. His library made the writing of this book possible. The writing and production of this book was teamwork. Among the more famous cooperators were Wilhelm Pleydenwurff and the painter and expert woodcutter Michael Wolgemut (1434-1519) who became the first noted book illustrator. His most famous apprentice up to 1489 was Albrecht Dürer who is supposedly contributed two woodcuts to the Chronicle. Poet Konrad Celtis contributed the German text which was published in December of the same year.
Sebald Schreyer (1446-1520), a wealthy merchant in Nuremberg, financed the enduring and long lasting preparations which went into the production of this book which is a "History of the World" from Genesis to the date of printing. The double page size woodcuts of city views are, with the exception of Lübeck, the first ever printed views. Large sized and sometimes in bold, bright hand coloring they are considered the crowns of city view collections.
Columbus had already "discovered" America when the Schedel Chronicle appeared on the book market. But no news of this stunning discovery had reached the editors in time to be included in this remarkable book, so that, alas, there is no mention of "The New World" in it. However it remains a fact that the Nuremberg Chronicle is one of the most noted and valuable incunabila.