Religious, Catholicism, Pilgramages
"The Pilgrimages of the Middle Ages"
"Scallop Shell of the Pilgrims."
Wood engraving on a page of text about pilgrimages in the Middle
Ages that continues on the reverse side and continues on a separate page.
Very interesting text about the pilgrimages then and still observed in Modern times.
Original antique print
Image: 12 x 13.5 cm (4.7 x 5.3")
Page size: 27 x 17 cm (10.6 x 6.6")
special holy place, shrine, pray, holy land
THE PILGRIMAGES OF THE MIDDLE AGES.
[Scallop Shell of the Pilgrims.]
of Marathon, or whose piety would not grow warmer among the ruins of Iona."
The places to which the Christian pilgrims of the middle ages chiefly resorted were Rome, Loretto, Jerusalem, Compostella in Spain, and the local shrines with which every part of Christendom abounded. Two pilgrimages to a neighbouring shrine were equivalent to one visit to another at double the distance. Those who were unable to make long journeys gave money to assist the poorer pilgrims on their way. A dream or vision was frequently the preliminary of a pilgrimage; and the belief was general, that if certain pilgrimages were not made during life they must be performed after death. Southey remarks, in one of his minor poems,- Some went for payment of a vow
In time of trouble made; And some who found that pilgrimage Was a pleasant sort of trade."
All classes-from the king to the peasant-from the archbishop to the humblest clerk-bent beneath the custom of the times, The Holy Land was resorted to by pilgrims as early
THE life of man is frequently termed a pilgrimage; but in the sense in which the word is usually employed, it is applied to a journey undertaken for devotional pur- poses, or to gratify the interest which remarkable events have excited by a visit to the spot in which they took place. The birth-place or tomb of the truly illustrious are equally calculated to stir up emotions of deeper interest than those to which the mind is capable of rising when it is not operated upon by the recollection that here the men themselves acted their part in the scene of life, or there their ashes are deposited. Dr. Johnson, who visited Icolmkill, one of the western islands of Scotland, which, in remote ages, was, as he says, the "luminary of the Caledonian regions," thus speaks of the nature of those emotions to which we have alluded:-"To abstract the mind," he says, " from all local emotions would be impossible, if it were en- deavoured, and would be foolish if it were possible. Whatever draws us from the power of our senses,- whatever makes the past, the distant, or the future, predominate over the present, advances us in the dignity of thinking beings. That man is little to be envied whose patriotism would not gain force upon the plain as the fourth century. The passage to Asia by land
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