Professions, Mining, Coal Mines, Geology
2 Pages with wood engravings of the work in English coal mines.
On the reverse side of a page is an article about the life of the coal miners.
Original antique print
Both prints have natural age toning and show signs of age and use.
Page size: 34 x 25.5 cm (13.3 x 10")
underground mining; soft rock; opencast;
In deep mining, the room and pillar or bord and pillar method progresses along the seam, while pillars and timber are left standing to support the mine roof. Once room and pillar mines have been developed to a stopping point (limited by geology, ventilation, or economics), a supplementary version of room and pillar mining, termed second mining or retreat mining, is commonly started. Miners remove the coal in the pillars, thereby recovering as much coal from the coal seam as possible. A work area involved in pillar extraction is called a pillar section.
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