Maps, Italy, Solferino, San Martino, military, battlefield
"Plan topographique de la bataille de Solferino - Details de quatre places fortes."
Paris, ca. 1870
On June 24, 1859 the battle of "Solferino and San Martino" took place. Opponents were the allied French Army under Napoleon III and the Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II. (The Franco-Sardinian Alliance) against the Austrian Army under Franz Joseph I. The battle resulted in the victory of the Allied Forces. A total of ca. 270000 soldiers were involved in the battle. And the uncounted wounded soldiers on the battlefield convinced the Swiss Jean-Henri Dunant to organize the Geneva Convention and the establish the Red Cross.
The battle led also to the final success of the Italian Risorgimento, the unification of the national state of Italy as a constitutional monarchy instituted in 1861 and finalized with the inclusion of Latium (State of the Church) by military intervention.
Original antique print
This map shows four cities in bird's eye views: Verona, Mantua, Peschiera del Garda and Legnago.
Detailed map of the area. Light general age toning.
Several vertical and horizontal folds to fit book size. Some minor traces of age and use
53 x 76 cm (ca. 20 x 30")
The Battle of Solferino (referred to in Italy as the Battle of Solferino and San Martino) ; allied French Army under Napoleon III and Piemont-Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II (together known as the Franco-Sardinian Alliance) against the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I.
Jean-Henri Dunant; A Memory of Solferino; Geneva Conventions; International Red Cross.