City Views, Holland, Netherlands, Amsterdam
"Markt laengst der Stadetmauer"
"Markt vor dem Thore der Stadt"
"Kastell in Tripolis"
"Tripolis" "von Gerhard Rohlfs"
4 separate pages with 19 images (wood engravings) and text about Tripolis by Friedrich Gerhard Rohlfs (1831-1896). He belonged to the Foeign Legion in Algeria and traveled extensively in North Africa and the Sahara.
Published ca 1875.
Original antique print
Page size: 27 x 18 cm (10.6 x 7")
nian is mentioned for the leptenmal, it existed for about 400 years. About 100 years later, the three cities fell into the hands of the Arabs. We pass the further history of the landscape and city of Tripoli to: enter the present, b. H. to create a picture of today's Tripoli.
But let's first try to make it clear why Dea in particular embraced the privilege of flourishing, while Sabratha and Leptis magna perished completely. We can only see the cause in the similarity of the three cities. Dea was evidently the finest, while Sabratha and Leptis magna were great cities. Lestere must have had at least 50,000 inhabitants. There are remains of a large theater in Sabratha, as well as in Leptis, where there was also a hippodrome. In its heyday, Leptis magna paid Carthago a talent of silver every day, at least that's what Livius says. Both cities had the advantage over Dea of not being surrounded by a ring of dunes like this one. From here the Romans were able to penetrate freely into the interior of Africa with their two-wheeled carts drawn by horses or mules, which they could not do from Dea. On my expedition to Rufra I was to find out for myself that it is impossible to get through the sand dunes with two-wheeled carts. When the camel was then introduced to North Africa with the invasion of the Arabs, the situation changed in that one could now also advance from Dea by foot, because it was easy with camels, because the dunes that surrounded the city were not very high. to traverse.
Over the coastal states of North Africa, political thunderwolves are gathering ever more densely, threatening to explode. The old rights of the state structures there and the colonial interests of the states of Europe must sooner or later come together in conflicts, the solution of which will be of hardly less importance than that of the question about the future of Constantinople. In the previous volume of this journal, Maroffo was discussed from this point of view; it will interest the readers if they are now offered a description of the current conditions in Tripoli.
Tripoli, the "broad-city" area, originally consisted of the cities of Leptis magna, Dea and Sabratha, and if this area was originally counted as part of Carthage and later counted as part of the Roman province of Africa propria, this landstrid) received around the In the third century, the name Tripoli was preserved, which has survived to the present day, since it not only refers to the ancient city of Dea, which is to be found in modern-day Tripoli, but also, as formerly, to the whole landscape has.
That Dea is the present Tripoli seems beyond doubt. to be firmly established, even if individual geographers would like to take the port of Pisindon, which was only mentioned by Ptolemy, as such. While in Dea we still see a remarkable architectural monument, namely the triumphal arch erected by Scipio Defritus (according to Heinrich Barth from Profonful Caius Orfitus) by Marcus Aurelius Antoninus and Lucius Aurelius Berus. However, the name Dea is not found on this structure, but on the other hand Pisindon is not to be found at all on the whole coast, so it only remains to assume Dea as the site of modern-day Tripoli.
This new Proving Tripoli as opposed to
Africa propria was only founded by Emperor Severus
det be born in Septis magna, much to magnify
tion of his native city, as well as the other two cities
contributed, and since the province of Tripoli under Emperor Justi
Roman triumphal arch.
runs. The guilds of carpenters, shoemakers, saddlers, tailors: c. have their special roads; there are also large European stores where you can pretty much get everything, but mostly pretty bad ones.
Two pharmacies cater for the needs of the Franconian Bublifums, two public baths for cleanliness. Though it is not considered noble to visit a Mohammedan baby, I have often done so in winter, and in summer one has the sea to refresh oneself there.
Society in Tripoli consists only of the confederate corps and their wives, but even here exclusivity still prevails for the most part. What traveler does not remember the English Colonel Herman, successor to old Warrington, who was on the most tense terms with his French colleague? And between Messrs. Drummond Hay and Botta this enmity continued. But as the English and French Generalfonful were or can be found the most authoritative, the Society split into two parts. We took part in the societies and even went to a concert once. The remaining Europeans, i. H. those who engage in commerce scarcely partake of the social amusements.
represented, especially by the former. For ever since the newspapers have been warning of a landing by the Italians, who intend to conquer the countryside, the Ottoman government has become aware of this danger and has immensely strengthened the garrison. There are probably about 30,000 men of regular Türfischer troops in Tripoli, and two gunboats are permanently stationed there.
you can do business if you walk quickly, and all over Turkey today any job is still considered a disgrace. A saw like that, which includes one of the highest punishments according to the Old Testament: "You shall ever earn bread by the sweat of your brow," is still in fashion today in the Orient
designed in this sense. To work and to be punished are two completely fynonymous concepts among the oriental peoples.
The only thing that can be repeated about the Arabs and Berbers is what can be said about all these tribes of North Africa. The Berbers are mostly from Sofna and Rhadames, with a few from the Jebel. From time to time one might also see some Mod jabra and even more rarely those Tuareg wearing the litham (veil). As for the Jews, of whom there are about 4,000 in Tripoli, they live in secluded quarters, as is the case in Fez and other Moroccan cities, but they are essentially smug, although their position under the Turkish government is by no means so lacking in rights , as under the Moroccan. The Europeans are numerous, the Turks appointed by officers and officials, all live in the European Quarter, which stretches along the port; one of them, mr. morpurgo, even occupies the former tuscan consular building.
Market along the Stadtmaner.
We still have to consider the numerous negroes who have settled outside the city and built a real negro village in the south of it. To get to this one has to cross a whole new district outside of the city proper. Here you will find numerous Arabic coffee shops and also the large merchandise magazines for Halfa. Here are also the shops in which the natives make guns, and especially leatherwork, which they decorate very nicely with silk
Market in front of the bore of the city.
The Turkish officers and civil servants, even if they would not have received any other distinction, are immediately recognizable by the bitter step they always pause when they somehow go abroad. It would also look as if they know how to embroider.
that while in Mschia all palm trees are exempt (for which the residents are all free), fie in Tabjura are taxed at 2 piafters each.
Of course you can in the approx. 2 km wide Michia, bie
is enlivened by numerous country houses of Tripoli, beautiful walks
make walks. In the past, even the French generalfon ful, the Italian and the English dragoman had pretty ones
Country houses, also Mr. Rossi, Mr. Labi and the Turkish governor general have beautiful affixations there. That of the Turkish governor-general used to be the summer residence of the British Generalfonful Warrington.
Around this Cafe Mschia, which, as I said, encircles the city with a ring about 2 km wide, there is a zone of low dunes, called il deserto (by the desert) by the European residents. Of course, this sandy region has nothing to do with the desert, it is very narrow and the dunes are barely 30 to 40 m high. the extremely fruit then begins inside her
bare Djefara level, partly with bushes, Ntem and lotus passed, partly with plenty
artemisia and other herbs, which form an excellent pasture. But there is also Aeder, and the cuddly tent villages of the Arabs to the right and left are evidence of a relatively large population. The whole thing will then
framed by the Djebel, i. H. from the mountains, but bas is actually only the true shore of the Mediterranean Sea, while the land in front of it, i. H. the Djefara plain, the sand zone, the palm garden and the city itself, presented as alluvial boulders.
All in all, Tripolitania certainly still has a large fortune. Up until a few years ago, it really was the gateway to northern Central Africa, and if not
Country that is just twice the size of Germany and is estimated at only one million inhabitants, once gets an orderly government (because the Turkish one must be described as an arbitrary government), then it will quickly become its own again raise old blossom. Agriculture, wine and date cultivation will flourish again as they once did, del and fruit will again be as they were in Roman and Greek times
Staffell in Eripolis,
be exported. In recent years, the import to Tripoli has been about 10 million Mart, while the export has reached 8 million. Twenty years ago exports were valued at 10 million marts, imports at 5 million marts. This is because the most important objects of value, Slavs, ivory and ostrich feathers, are rarely exported. Slaves, however, are still exported, and mostly even on European ships.
It goes like this: A Turkish
Official Ober Raufmann lives on a completely different footing than his European colleagues.
He is constantly of at least one Duyend servant, the fine one
Sllaven find, surrounded. For for each branch of the household there are special servants. This one brings the nar gileh, that one fills it, that one brews the coffee, that one brings it ze. 20. Now it occurs to the Lord to make a voyage to Constantinople, which he cannot undertake without being accompanied by a Dusting Servant. He procures a bass, which lists twelve servants, but these servants are freshly bought